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Tour de France
Race details
Region France
Discipline Road
Competition Professional and Annual
History
First edition 1903
First winner France Maurice Garin

The Tour de France is an annual multiple stage road cycling race which is mostly held in France, beginning in 1903 when L'Auto needed to increase sales of the newspaper. It has been annually and it didn't run during the two World Wars.

History

Beginnings

The first Tour de France was held in 1903 with six stages that went all around the country which compared to the modern day, was relatively long with the shortest stage being 268 km from Toulouse–Bordeaux. Maurice Garin won the first ever edition of the tour and it would be his last as he was one of ten that cheated because of the use of cars and trains. This change meant that it went to a point system which would last until 1912 when it was replaced with the time system again. During this time, the stage length was doubled to 11 in 1905 and then 13 in 1906. During that time, Lucien Petit-Breton become the first rider to win two Tour de Frances in a row after winning 1907 and 1908 before François Faber did the same two years later.

Two World Wars

The initial route of the Tour de France was going all around the borders of France and actually stuck to 15 stages between the 1910-1924 editions where the time system coming back in 1913 with Philippe Thys winning the first one before winning the race in the closest gap until 1956. After the war, Belgium kept hold the general classification winner until 1923 when Ottavio Bottecchia became the first winner to come from Italy. An attempt in 1927, with the use of the team time-trials, wasn't a success with Alcyon dominating the race. This appearance was dropped from 1928 and would not return until 1954.

National teams were in when in 1930, France took the team classification out while in the individual classification it was Learco Guerra taking the yellow jersey. The national team competition went to 1961 before being a minor trophy which is still done to this day. The Maes brothers dominated 1935 and 1936 with both of the riders finishing one-two. Sylvère Maes would win the 1939 edition as that would be the last one before the second world war kicked in.

After WWII

When the Second World War eased in 1945, L'Auto was nailed shut and the belongings included the Tour was up for grabs. After news outlets organized events around France in 1946, L'Équipe won the rights to organise the 1947 Tour de France as the potential for national teams which was successful before the war. In the first edition back, it was Pierre Brambilla who would take out the title and also aided in taking out the team title. The next year, saw the tour heading outside France for the first time with the tour started in Belgium with Coppi taking out the title in 1949.

The 1950 edition was the first time that stages of the race had been televised with the last three stages being broadcast to the French audience, that was the start of it increasing to the full broadcast of the tour in 1956. The edition would see a split in the Italian team when Stage 11 saw Alfero Binda wanting to leave the race after getting kicked when he fell. The Italian Cadets stayed at the tour wanting to finish the race on their terms as they were given grey uniforms so that they wouldn't be recognised. But with the main Italian team gone, Ferdinand Kubler would go on to take the yellow jersey all the way to Paris.

Coppi would take back the yellow jersey in 1952 with a domination of the tour as he finished ahead of second place Ocker by more than thirty-five minutes as he won six stages on his way to the jersey. The following year saw the introduction of a green jersey with the initial system being based off, the ranking that they finished for the stage. The first winner of that being Swiss rider Fritz Schar which would finish sixth overall in the general classification which would be won by Louison Bobet

Winners

Tour de France general classification winners
Year Country Cyclist Sponsor/Team Distance Time/Points Margin Stage wins Yellow jerseys
1903 Flag of France France Maurice Garin La Française 2,428 km (1,509 mi) 94h 33' 14" + 2h 59' 21" 3 6
1904 Flag of Belgium (civil) Belgium Aloïs Catteau 2,428 km (1,509 mi) 97h 24' 18 + 1h 23' 19" 0 1
1905 Flag of France France Louis Trousselier Peugeot-Wolber 2,994 km (1,860 mi) 43 18 4 11
1906 Flag of France France Georges Passerieu Peugeot 4,637 km (2,881 mi) 33 3 2 2
1907 Flag of France France Lucien Petit-Breton Peugeot-Wolber 4,488 km (2,789 mi) 47 20 4 6
1908 Flag of France France Lucien Petit-Breton Peugeot-Wolber 4,497 km (2,794 mi) 42 26 6 13
1909 Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg François Faber Alcyon 4,498 km (2,795 mi) 38 19 6 13
1910 Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg François Faber Alcyon 4,734 km (2,942 mi) 61 2 4 12
1911 Flag of France France Gustave Garrigou Alcyon 5,344 km (3,321 mi) 51 10 3 11
1912 Flag of Belgium (civil) Belgium Odile Defraye Alcyon 5,289 km (3,286 mi) 49 52 2 14
1913 Flag of Belgium (civil) Belgium Philippe Thys Peugeot 5,388 km (3,348 mi) 197h 54' 00" +10' 43" 1 8
1914 Flag of Belgium (civil) Belgium Philippe Thys Peugeot–Wolber 5,388 km (3,348 mi) 200h 28' 48" +1' 12" 1 11
1915-1918 Cancelled because of World War I
1919 Flag of Belgium (civil) Belgium Firmin Lambot La Sportive 5,560 km (3,455 mi) 231h 08' 23" +1h 37' 55" 1 2
1920 Flag of Belgium (civil) Belgium Philippe Thys La Sportive 5,503 km (3,419 mi) 228h 36' 13" +1h 13' 48" 5 15
1921 Flag of Belgium (civil) Belgium Hector Heusghem La Sportive 5,484 km (3,408 mi) 223h 34' 77" +21' 13" 2 6
1922 Flag of Belgium (civil) Belgium Firmin Lambot La Sportive 5,372 km (3,338 mi) 222h 08' 06" +42' 33" 0 3
1923 Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy Ottavio Bottecchia Automoto 5,386 km (3,347 mi) 222h 23' 42" +33' 14" 2 12
1924 Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy Ottavio Bottecchia Automoto 5,425 km (3,371 mi) 223h 43' 19" +32' 16" 4 15
1925 Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy Ottavio Bottecchia Automoto 5,430 km (3,374 mi) 219h 35' 55" +43' 46" 3 13
1926 Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg Nicolas Frantz Automoto 5,745 km (3,570 mi) 240h 26' 13" +6' 22" 5 2
1927 Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg Nicolas Frantz Alcyon 5,340 km (3,318 mi) 204h 54' 23" +1h 52' 21" 2 12
1928 Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg Nicolas Frantz Alcyon 5,476 km (3,403 mi) 204h 31' 24" +37' 44" 4 23
1929 Flag of Belgium (civil) Belgium Maurice Dewaele Alcyon 5,286 km (3,285 mi) 195h 35' 33" +35' 57" 0 13
1930 Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy Learco Guerra Italy 5,286 km (3,285 mi) 174h 33' 52" +11' 31" 4 9
1931 Flag of France France Antonin Magne France 5,091 km (3,163 mi) 177h 23' 11" +13' 42" 2 15
1932 Flag of France France André Leducq France 4,479 km (2,783 mi) 156h 32' 11" +15' 53" 7 19
1933 Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy Learco Guerra Italy 4,479 km (2,783 mi) 151h 23' 51" +8' 13" 5 1
1934 Flag of France France Antonin Magne France 4,363 km (2,711 mi) 149h 34' 23" +22' 14" 3 22
1935 Flag of Belgium (civil) Belgium Romain Maes Belgium 4,338 km (2,696 mi) 142h 15' 03" +17' 33" 2 21
1936 Flag of Belgium (civil) Belgium Sylvère Maes Belgium 4,418 km (2,745 mi) 142h 34' 55" +41' 42" 5 14
1937 Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy Mario Vicini Italy 4,415 km (2,743 mi) 139h 22' 14" +2' 44" 1 1
1938 Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Italy Gino Bartali Italy 4,694 km (2,917 mi) 147h 32' 27" +33' 36" 3 10
1939 Flag of Belgium (civil) Belgium Sylvère Maes Belgium 4,224 km (2,625 mi) 147h 32' 27" +45' 44" 3 6
1947 Flag of Italy Italy Pierre Brambilla Italy 4,642 km (2,884 mi) 148h 04' 15" +1' 13" 0 3
1948 Flag of Italy Italy Gino Bartali Italy 4,922 km (3,058 mi) 146h 28' 11" +27' 11" 7 10
1949 Flag of Italy Italy Fausto Coppi Italy 4,808 km (2,988 mi) 145h 38' 13" +13' 12" 3 5
1950 Flag of Switzerland Switzerland Ferdinand Kübler Switzerland 4,773 km (2,966 mi) 145h 36' 56" +10' 04" 3 11
1951 Flag of Switzerland Switzerland Hugo Koblet Switzerland 4,690 km (2,910 mi) 142h 00' 13" +31' 15" 6 12
1952 Flag of Italy Italy Fausto Coppi Italy 4,898 km (3,043 mi) 151h 33' 51" +35' 33" 6 14
1953 Flag of France France Louis Bobet France 4,476 km (2,781 mi) 129h 25' 51" +12' 12" 2 5
1954 Flag of France France Louis Bobet France 4,656 km (2,893 mi) 140h 10' 22" +11' 31" 3 13
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