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The Five Nations Championship is an annual international rugby union competition involving five European sides: England, France, Ireland, Scotland and Wales.

History

Home Nations

The competition began in 1883 with the home nations creating a competition that would be created between the four home nations of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. So in 1883 the first Home Nations Championship was born with England winning the first three tournaments. But after the IRB was created in 1887, the English Football Union wouldn't compete in the 1888 and 1889 editions of the tournament. When England returned in 1890, the title was shared between all four home nations for the next 13 years with at least one time or another each nation having the trophy. In 1903, Scotland won the first of three in a row with them going on an eight game winning streak until a lost in the first game of the 1906 season, stopped that run in its tracks. Ireland took the opportunity and went with it, taking the 1906 trophy. Scotland regained it, the next year before the Welsh took the victory before a change into a five team competition.

France joins the competition

Throughout 1906-1908, France played in a couple of matches between the British nation during the year. It wasn't until 1909 where France would finally join the competition. For France they struggled in the opening four years while Wales and England dominated the period until the first World War which would stop the competition for five years during that time. When the competition came back in 1920 the shift of momentum happened with France starting to be contention and winning some games while England and Wales struggled to gain hope with most of the top players of the time killed during the first World War. Ireland took the trophy for the first time since 1906 in 1922 when they defeated the two time defending champions, Scotland in the final match of the competition at Edinburgh.

Johnnie Wallace then created history in 1924 as he scored a try in each of the four games to not only lead Scotland to the trophy but creating a bit of history by being the first person to do that feat. The next year, France took home their first Five Nations title when they defeated England in the final game of the tournament to win take home the trophy as it also became the first time that the Grand Slam and Triple Crown wasn't won at the same time with Scotland winning the Triple Crown. Wales then won, for the first time since 1914, in 1928 when they defeated England in the final match of the tournament which was the first for 14 years. After Scotland regained it, the next year, Ireland retook the championship by a game to spare as they won three in a row. France though would be expelled from the competition as professionalism started to creep into the game over at France and wouldn't return until 1955.

Back to four nations

With it back to the home nations for the 1933 edition, the grand slam was now out of play. But during the seven years before the second world war, all four nations took at least one Home Nations championship with England winning in 1934 and 1935. Scotland though won the Triple Crown twice when they took the 1933 and 1938 before the war took hold of Europe for five years. After the war, the home nations competed in the 1947 edition with the Welsh taking out the trophy by point difference. Ireland would take out the next two editions with the triple crown being won over both occasions.

Return to Five

With France coming back into the competition in 1950, the competition expanded back into a five-team competition and the Welsh took out the Grand Slam. The Irish and Welsh would each take out the titles throughout the early 50s. The English did try and take the title in both 1953 and 1954 but they would fall short on each occasion as they would come in second place. France missed out in 1955 by a single point after the Welsh ended with a 16-11 victory in the final game at Paris to take the title out.

Champions

The same until 1904 with the POD

Home Nations 1904–1908

Year Champions Triple Crown Calcutta Cup
1904 Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1905 Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1906 23x15px Ireland Flag of England.svg England
1907 Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1908 Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of England.svg England

Five Nations 1909–1932

Five Nations 1909 – 1932
Year Champions Grand Slam Triple Crown Calcutta Cup
1909 Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1910 Flag of England.svg England Flag of England.svg England
1911 Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of England.svg England
1912 Flag of England.svg England Flag of England.svg England Flag of England.svg England Flag of England.svg England
1913 Flag of England.svg England Flag of England.svg England
1914 Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of England.svg England
1915–19 Not held due to World War I
1920 Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1921 Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1922 23x15px Ireland Flag of England.svg England
1923 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1924 Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1925 Flag of France.svg France Flag of France.svg France Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1926 23x15px Ireland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1927 Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1928 Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of England.svg England
1929 Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of England.svg England
1930 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland Flag of England.svg England
1931 23x15px Ireland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1932 23x15px Ireland Flag of England.svg England

Home Nations 1933–1949

Home Nations 1933–1939
Year Champions Triple Crown Calcutta Cup
1933 Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1934 Flag of England.svg England Flag of England.svg England Flag of England.svg England
1935 Flag of England.svg England Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1936 Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of England.svg England
1937 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland Flag of England.svg England
1938 Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1939 Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1947 Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of England.svg England
1948 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland Flag of England.svg England
1949 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland Flag of England.svg England

Five Nations 1950–1999

Five Nations 1909 – 1932
Year Champions Grand Slam Triple Crown Calcutta Cup
1950 Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
1951 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland Flag of England.svg England
1952 Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of England.svg England
1953 23x15px Ireland Flag of England.svg England
1954 Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of England.svg England
1955 Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg Wales Flag of England.svg England

External Links

Template:Five Nations Template:International rugby

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